Vitamin K is one of the essential vitamins for a human body. According to Healthline, Vitamin K is responsible for making you from bleeding when you got injured or cut. However, this vitamin can also make another body systems work like a clock. However, the necessity of taking Vitamin K supplement or foods rich in this vitamin expands beyond blood clotting.
The common types of Vitamin K
What is Vitamin K? It belongs to the group of fat-soluble vitamins and sometimes called as Vit K or K-vitamin. It was discovered in 1935 by the Danish biochemist Henrik Dam, who received the Nobel Prize for this discovery. Since those times, a few substances that can be classified as vitamin K were discovered. In the green parts of plants and vegetables, the natural type called K1 is formed. The bacteria living in the human intestines synthesize Vitamin K2. Both natural K-vitamin types are used for ceasing bleeding and certain diseases of the digestive and pulmonary system. Most patients going through the treatment of hepatitis or other liver diseases need to take Vitamin K capsules daily. Natural forms of Vitamin K are resistant to heat and do not break down when you are cooking foods rich in this vitamin.
Additionally, there are synthetic analogs of K-vitamin. The water-soluble K3 vitamin (also known as Vicasol) can be rarely found in nature. There are also purely synthetic K4, K5, K6 and K7 forms that are derived only chemically in laboratories for medical needs. All synthetic forms of K3 vitamin are mostly used in medicine for manufacturing pills (coagulants).
The dangers of Vitamin K deficiency
You may experience serious health problems if you are lacking Vitamin K on the regular basis. Mayo Clinic defines says that the major risk of Vit K deficiency is the excessive bleeding condition that is scientifically called hemorrhagic diathesis. The excessive bleeding and multiple hemorrhages noticeable on the skin characterize this condition.
There are risk groups of people who are more prone to Vitamin K deficiency than the others. Consult your doctor about having a new diet with Vitamin K foods or taking supplements if you are:
- Taking Coumarin or other anticoagulants like Warfarin that is taken for blood thinning;
- Taking certain antibiotics;
- Having fat malabsorption due to such diseases as celiac disease, cystic fibrosis, any disorder in the intestines or biliary tract (liver, gallbladder, bile ducts);
- Recovering from the surgery that removed a part of your intestines;
- Having a diet that lacks Vitamin K (malnutrition).
The recommended daily rate of Vitamin K
In order to avoid Vitamin K deficiency, it is important to take the necessary amount of the vitamin recommended by the experts of WebMD, Mayo Clinic, and Healthline. The recommended daily intake (RDI) of Vitamin K differs for different groups of people:
- The average RDI for healthy adults is 65-80 mcg (μg);
- Children under 1 year need 5-10 mcg;
- Children from 1 year to 6 years need to take 15 – 20 mcg;
- Children from 7 to 10 years require at least 30 mcg per day;
- Teenagers from 11 to 14 years need 45 mcg per day;
- Teenagers from 15 to 18 years require 55 – 65 mcg;
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women need to take 65 mcg per day.